International think-tank the DQ Institute launches the world’s first real-time Child Online Safety Index on Safer Internet Day 2020, after surveying 145,426 children and adolescents in 30 countries over the last three years. Australia is ranked second out of 30 countries in the DQ Institute Child Online Safety Index (COSI) launched today. The ranking is based on six measures including education and exposure to cyber risks. Only Spain ranks higher than Australia, while Thailand is ranked last. Based on a survey of 145,426 children and adolescents in 30 countries over the last three years, the COSI is the world’s first real-time measure to help nations understand their children’s online safety status. The COSI was announced by the DQ Institute as part of the #DQEveryChild global movement in collaboration with over 100 organisations including Singtel, AIS, Optus, TURKCELL, Twitter, World Economic Forum, and JA Worldwide since 2017. It is linked with DQ World assessment tools and its global database and will be automatically updated as countries progress with their child online safety and digital citizenship initiatives. This will help countries coordinate more effectively various efforts to enhance child online safety and digital citizenship, thus enabling the measurement of global progress on this front. Australia is ranked third when it comes to measuring Social Infrastructure, based on government policies and industry practices to protect children online. The US is followed by the UK and Australia, while Nepal is ranked last. Australia also ranked fifth in terms of Connectivity, measuring children’s meaningful access to the internet, just behind New Zealand but just ahead of the UK. Singapore ranked highest and Nepal lowest. Meanwhile, Australia ranks sixth on Digital Competency – children’s ability to use technology safely and responsibly. It is behind first ranked India, but far above lowest ranked Thailand. Australia comes 11th on cyber risks including cyberbullying, risky content and risky contact with strangers. Japan is ranked first by this measure and Thailand last. Almost two-thirds (60%) of Australian children aged 8-12 are exposed to at least one form of cyber risk including 44% who have experienced cyberbullying, 21% who have been exposed to sexual content, and 12% who are at risk of gaming disorder. Meanwhile, 34% of 13-19 year olds have experienced unwelcome sexual contact. Australia is also ranked 11th in terms of Disciplined Digital Use, taking into account excessive screen time, high social media and gaming use, and mobile phone ownership among children. Japan ranked highest and the Dominican Republic ranked lowest. On average, 8-19 year olds in Australia are spending over a day and a half (38 hours) per week looking at screens including computers, mobile phones and televisions – considerably longer than Japan where children spend just over 24 hours a week looking at screens. The measure on which Australia scores poorest, just behind New Zealand but still ahead of the UK is on Guidance and Education, assessing protective support and direction from parents and schools. Here, Egypt comes first and Indonesia last.

Global findings

The report’s most damning finding is that almost two-thirds (60%) of online children aged 8-12 across the world’s surveyed countries are exposed to one or more forms of cyber risk, adding up to a ‘cyber pandemic’. Constituting these risks:
  • 45% of online children across the surveyed countries are affected by cyberbullying
  • 39% experience reputational risks
  • 29% are exposed to violent and sexual content
  • 28% experience cyber threats
  • 17% experience risky contact such as offline meetings with strangers or sexual contact
  • 13% are at risk for a gaming disorder
  • 7% are at risk for social media disorder
In general, the COSI found that Western and East Asian countries tended to rank higher for child online safety, with South and Southeast Asian, Latin American and Middle Eastern and African countries tending to rank lower. East Asian countries tended to rank better than countries in other regions on Cyber Risks, Disciplined Digital Use, Digital Competency and Connectivity. Western countries tended to outperform countries in other regions on Social Infrastructure and Guidance and Education.

Dr Yuhyun Park, Founder of the DQ Institute, said:

“That Australia is the second safest country we surveyed for children online will come as welcome news to Australian parents. But no nation, no matter where they are ranked, has cause for complacency. What we are witnessing is a global cyber-pandemic with high exposure to multiple forms of online risks threatening children across all the countries we surveyed. Everyone in society has a role to play in turning this around. Businesses, from social media and telecommunications to hardware and gaming companies, should make child online safety a core business principle. Companies should also partner with schools to help tackle cyberbullying. And governments must back stronger digital education. Most importantly, parents must be aware that they can make changes and reduce online harm. Helping children discipline their digital use from an early age is a necessary starting point for mitigating cyber risks. Primary schools also must teach students digital citizenship as part of their standard curriculum. Through the index, Australia and other countries will be able to identify areas of improvement through global benchmarking and then better focus on deploying initiatives for their children’s online safety.”

Sunny Varkey, Founder of the Varkey Foundation and the Global Teacher Prize, said:

“We’ve been supporting this important work ever since the #DQEveryChild global movement was launched at the Global Education & Skills Forum in 2017. The Child Online Safety Index that has emerged as a result is a vital piece of research and my fervent hope is that policy makers around the world will act upon its findings.”


  • The full report and an interactive online platform will be available at:
  • The images of the key findings can be found in the link below.
  • The DQ Institute (DQI) is an international think-tank that is dedicated to setting global standards for digital intelligence and to ensuring the safety, empowerment, and well-being of individuals, organisations, and nations in the digital age. DQI seeks to promote and coordinate digital intelligence education worldwide by using the DQ framework as a set of global standards for digital literacy, skills, and readiness. As part of these efforts, DQI also serves as the founding secretariat of the Coalition for Digital Intelligence (CDI), whose members include the OECD, IEEE Standards Association, and DQI. DQI operates as a 501(c)(3) organization in the United States and as a not-for-profit foundation in South Korea. For more information, please visit
  • The Coalition for Digital Intelligence (CDI) is a cooperative network of organisations from around the world that aims to improve global digital intelligence by coordinating efforts across the educational and technology communities through multi-stakeholder collaborations. As part of CDI, the IEEE Standards Association, DQ Institute, and Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) are building a global framework for digital intelligence, which includes a common set of definitions, language, and an understanding of comprehensive digital literacy concepts and skills that can be adopted by nations worldwide.
  • The data of the COSI was collected from 145,426 children and adolescents in Australia, China, Colombia, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, Hong Kong, India, Indonesia, Italy, Japan, Malaysia, Mexico, New Zealand, Nigeria, Nepal, Oman, Philippines, Peru, Saudi Arabia, Singapore, South Africa, South Korea, Spain, Thailand, Turkey, UK, Uruguay, US, and Vietnam. The data was collected between 2017 and 2019 as part of the #DQEveryChild, a strategic global movement to empower children with comprehensive digital citizenship competencies from the start of their digital lives using online education and assessment programs of DQ World. The movement started in Singapore with the support of Singtel and has quickly expanded in collaboration with the World Economic Forum to include over 100 partners organizations.